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%macro ora2sas (
, OUT      =
, ORAPW    =
, SASSEL   = *
, ORASEL   = *
, CFMTON   =

  %* Author: Richard DeVenezia
  %* called from: various
  %* ORATABLE =            %* Table in Oracle to retrieve from;
  %* OUT      =            %* SAS Data set name to create;
  %* OUTYPE   =            %* SAS Data type (VIEW or TABLE);
  %* ORAUSER  =            %* Oracle username;
  %* ORAPW    =            %* Password for username;
  %* INSTANCE =            %* Oracle database instance to connect to;
  %* SASSEL   =            %* What columns should be selected in SAS;
  %* ORASEL   =            %* What columns should be selected in Oracle;
  %* SASWHERE =            %* Where clause to apply in SAS;
  %* ORAWHERE =            %* Where clause to apply in Oracle;
  %* CFMTON   =            %* Reformat the character columns based on their values in
  %*                          this number of firstmost rows;
  %*                          Only the SAS format is changed, not the underlying column width
  %* mod:
  %*  3/16/99 rad initial coding
  %*  5/10/99 rad add handling of tables with a column of type ROWID
  %*              (ROWID columned tables are not translated to SAS by default)
  %*              add content based format metricing of character columns

  %local ROWIDS;   %* list of oracle columns which are of type ROWID;
  %local i;

  %if (%superq (ORATABLE) eq ) %then %do;
    %put ERROR: Missing Oracle table name, use ORATABLE=;
    %goto ByeBye;

  %if (%superq (OUT) eq ) %then %do;
    %put ERROR: Missing output data set name, use OUT=;
    %goto ByeBye;

  %if (%superq (ORASEL) eq ) %then %do;
    %put ERROR: Missing Oracle selection, use ORASEL=;
    %goto ByeBye;

  %if (%superq (SASSEL) eq ) %then %do;
    %put ERROR: Missing SAS selection, use SASSEL=;
    %goto ByeBye;

  %let OUTYPE = %upcase (&OUTYPE);

  %if %superq (OUTYPE) ne TABLE and
      %superq (OUTYPE) ne VIEW
  %then %do;
    %put ERROR: OUTYPE= must be TABLE or VIEW;
    %goto ByeBye;


  %let OUTMEM = %scan (&OUT,1,%str(%());

  %if (%scan (&OUTMEM,2,.) ne ) %then %do;
    %let OUTLIB = %scan (&OUTMEM,1,.);
    %let OUTMEM = %scan (&OUTMEM,2,.);
  %else %do;
    %let OUTLIB = WORK;
    %let OUTMEM = &OUTMEM;

  %local MEMTYPE;

  %if &OUTYPE = TABLE %then %let MEMTYPE=DATA;

  proc sql;

    %if %sysfunc (EXIST (&OUTLIB..&OUTMEM))      %then drop table &OUTLIB..&OUTMEM;;
    %if %sysfunc (EXIST (&OUTLIB..&OUTMEM,VIEW)) %then drop view  &OUTLIB..&OUTMEM;;


    %* check if the oracle table has columns of ROWID type;

    create view oracols as select *
    from connection to ORACLE
    ( select column_name, data_type, column_id
      from ALL_TAB_COLUMNS
      where table_name=%str(%'%upcase(&ORATABLE)%')
      order by column_id

    reset noprint;
    select column_n into :ROWIDS separated by ' ' from oracols where data_typ in ('ROWID');

    %if &sqlobs > 0 %then %do;
      %* blech - need to explicitly name each column AND ROWIDTOCHAR the rowid column;
      %*         also, column names should be enclosed in double quotes in case a column name is
      %*         an Oracle restricted word (i.e. a column named mode would have to be specified
      %*         as "mode", otherwise Oracle would think the function mode was being indicated;

      %if (%superq(ORASEL) = %str(*)) %then %do;
             when data_typ ne 'ROWID' then """" || trim(column_n) || """"
             else "ROWIDTOCHAR (""" || trim(column_n) || """) as """ || trim(column_n) || """"
         into :ORASEL separated by ', '
         from oracols
         order by column_i;
      %else %do;

        %* assume the user knows what they are doing and will not work with ROWID variables ?
        %* if they want to work with ROWID variables, the ORASEL should look something like:
        %* %STR (ROWIDTOCHAR(ROW_ID), ..., ...) ;


    create &OUTYPE &OUT as
    select &SASSEL
    from connection to ORACLE

    (select &ORASEL from &ORATABLE
     %if (%superq (ORAWHERE) ne ) %then
     where &ORAWHERE;
     %if (%superq (ORAORDER) ne ) %then
     order by &ORAORDER;
    %if (%superq (SASWHERE) ne ) %then
    where &SASWHERE;
    %if (%superq (SASORDER) ne ) %then
    order by &SASORDER;

    disconnect from ORACLE;

  %if (&CFMTON > 0) %then %do;
    proc contents noprint data=&OUT out=_CNTNTS_;

%local maxlenfs;

    %* put SQL select statements in macro var maxlenfs.
    %* the statement will determine maximum length of character
    %* values in character columns in first CFMTON rows and
    %* place that length in a <var> $<maxlen-of-var> construct;

    proc sql noprint;
      quote(trim(name)) || " || ' $' || "
   || "trim(left(put(MIN(200, MAX(LENGTH(" || trim (NAME) || "))),best8.)))"
   || "|| '.'"
      :maxlenfs separated by ', '
      from _cntnts_
      where type=2
      order by varnum;

      %if &sqlObs > 0 %then %do;

        %* table has at least one character column;

        %local N X;
        %let N = &sqlObs;
        %do i = 1 %to &N;
          %local format&i;

        %* measure the data to determine how to format the character columns;

        select 0, &maxlenfs into :X
          %do i = 1 %to &N; ,:format&i %end;
        from &out (obs=&CFMTON)

        %* reformat the variables in the output object;

        proc datasets nolist lib=&OUTLIB mt=&MEMTYPE;
        modify &OUTMEM;
           %do i = 1 %to &N; &&format&i %end;

    proc datasets nolist lib=work;
      delete _cntnts_(mt=DATA);
      delete oracols (mt=VIEW);

  options _LAST_ = "&OUTLIB..&OUTMEM";